1 edition of A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model found in the catalog.
A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model
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Rare earth elements (and platinum group metals) are essential for high-tech technology: i.e. hybrid cars, computers, cell phones, television — anything with a microchip, even toasters. They are finite, mostly controlled by China (up to 97% by some estimates), the last resources are mainly in war-torn failed states in Africa, Afghanistan, etc. The Data Centre Industry (DCI) is one of the most important pillars of current technological and economic developments. In DCIs, more than fifty different materials can be found per product, including ferrous, non-ferrous metals, precious metals (PM), platinum group metals (PGM), rare earth elements (REE), plastics and/or ceramics, some being considered as Critical Raw .
A model for market price modeling in an integrated global model for resource supply has been developed and successfully applied in the WORLD6 model. A dynamic market and price model has been developed, based on immediately tradable amounts, affected by supply and demand. Real-world drivers and a systems approach with feedbacks in the price setting Cited by: 2. Metal Recycling – Opportunities, Limits, Infrastructure. Preface The increasing demand for metals in the course of the last century, putting permanent pressure on natural resources, has revealed.
Platinum Group Metals’ 17 million ounce share of current estimated resources at Waterberg translates into an acquisition, exploration and evaluation cost to date of approximately $ per ounce. In South Africa we see a generally tight electrical power supply situation in , with improvement beyond this as new generating capacity begins. Whether or not China’s metals consumption activity peaks in or near the year (as forecast), its ability to source more obsolete scrap by that same time seems inevitable. Post-Boom Hangovers Veteran scrap processors and traders have experienced the boom and bust cycle before, in some cases many times.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gabler, Robert C. Platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model (OCoLC) Material Type.
A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model. Washington, D.C: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines. MLA Citation. Gabler, Robert C.
A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model [microform] / by Robert C. Gabler, Jr U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Washington, D.C Australian/Harvard Citation. Get this from a library. A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model.
[Robert C Gabler]. Materials Flow of Platinum Group Metals. Due to high prices for platinum group metals, their recycling from scrap material can generally be performed economically and.
The recycling of platinum-group metals from wastes such as autocatalytic converters is getting growing attention due to the scarcity of these precious metals. Palladium. See also what's at Wikipedia, your library, or elsewhere. Broader term: Platinum group; Filed under: Palladium The Radiochemistry of Palladium, by Ove T.
Hogdahl (PDF at ); Absorption of hydrogen by palladium and electrical resistivity up to hydrogen-palladium atom ratios of / (Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Download PDF Recycled Home book full free. Recycled Home available for download and read online in other formats. A Platinum-group Metals Consumption and Recycling Flow Model.
Robert C. Gabler — the Philippines, and Sweden. One final treat for readers is they'll explore garbage and recycling in space.
Green Home Building. Miki. Fig. 11a shows the simulation of the platinum group metals flow of platinum group metals in society, as how much goes to car catalysts, fertilizer factories, industrial use and as A platinum-group metals consumption and recycling flow model book during the period The peak production is estimated to occur aroundpeak supply to the market is about the same Cited by: The primary benefit of recycling aluminum is reduced energy consumption.
Aluminum recovery from scrap requires only 5% of the energy required to extract it from alumina. Therefore, secondary aluminum production from recycling scrap has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The use of platinum-group metals in electric contacts has been the subject of numerous articles in Platinum Metals Review,79,80,, Resistors and Capacitors Windings in traditional wire-wound potentiometers and precision resistors are made from an alloy of palladium and 40% silver, because of its low temperature.
Platinum and palladium are used in small but essential quantities in a variety of advanced industrial sectors. Platinum and palladium are used as catalysts in various industrial sectors, especially in the car industry.
However, their sources are typically concentrated in South Africa and Russia, and there are concerns about supply security. In terms of resource security, it is Cited by: 1. Metal mobilization in general, as well as the number of metals used in products to increase performance and provide sometimes unique functionalities, has increased steadily in the past decades.
Materials, such as indium, gallium, platinum group metals (PGM), and rare earths (RE), are used ever more frequently in high-tech applications and their criticality as a function of Cited by: Then the possibilities for elemental recovery are shown by integrating traditional methods in a zero-waste recycling flow sheet.
This may be exemplified by the combination of metallurgy with special waste treatments. “Ionometallurgy”, meaning the processing of metals with ionic liquids, is a new : $ Chapter 36 - Separation of the Platinum-Group Metals from Base Metal Sulfides, and the Refining of Nickel, Copper and Cobalt, Pages Chapter 37 - Refining of the Platinum-Group Metals, Pages Chapter 38 - Recycling of Nickel.
Charles River Associates TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) Page Chapter 3: PROJECTIONS OF MATERIALS CONSUMPTION FOR CONTROL OF VEHICULAR EMISSIONS Appendix 3A: EPA ESTIMATES OF CONSUMPTION OF PLATINUM-GROUP METALS FOR CONTROL OF VEHICULAR EMISSIONS IN 3A-1 Chapter 4: PLATINUM.
FLOW STUDIES FOR RECYCLING METAL COMMODITIES IN THE UNITED STATES Gold Recycling in the United States in By Earle B. Amey ABSTRACT Inmetric tons (t) of refined gold was recov ered by U.S. refiners from old and new scrap.
The overall recycling rate was 29 percent when scrap consumption was compared with apparent domestic by: Ruthenium and platinum are rare elements that occur together with other platinum-group metals. The largest platinum-group metal deposit is the Bushveld Complex in South Africa . Nearly 90% of the world’s known platinum reserves are located in South Africa , while other deposits can be found in Russia, North America, and Zimbabwe, and.
SUPPLY, DEMAND, AND COMPETITIVENESS TABLE Categories of Metals Base metals Copper Lead Zinc ~- 1ln Steel industry metals (iron and ferroalloys) Iron Manganese Nickel Chromium Cobalt Molybdenum Tungsten Vanadium Columbium Light metals Aluminum Lithium Magnesium Titanium Platinum group metals Platinum Palladium Rhodium Ruthenium Iridium.
The primary technology for platinum group metals (PGMs) has become electric furnace matte smelting of flotation concentrates followed by matte leaching, chloride-based leaching of matte leach residue, and then separa- tion and purification of the PGMs by classical solvent extraction, precipita- tion, and/or ion exchange techniques.
The cobalt sub-module of the WORLD6 model as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, implemented inside the STELLA software shown in Fig. 6 The titles overwritten on the diagram shows the different modules for secondary extraction, using copper, nickel, chromium and platinum group metals as input.
In the model is also included hard rock mining in Canada and Cited by:. The recycling industry is responsible for collecting processing and marketing billions of dollars worth of metals, paper, plastics and other recovered materials.
Through Recycling Today and Recycling Today Global Edition, market directories, and industry conferences, GIE serves the scrap and recycling industry in North America and : RT Staff.Electronic waste, or e-waste, is an emerging problem with developed nations as with developing nations.
In the absence of proper collection and disposal systems, awareness, and proper regulations, the problem is rather more acute in developing nations. These wastes are environmentally hazardous on one hand and valuable on the other.
They contain substantial Cited by: This book provides a broad panorama of mineral deposits, covering their origin and geological characteristics, the principles of the search for ores and minerals, and the investigation of newly found deposits.
Chapter 2 Economic Geology of Metals (pages –): Chapter 3 Industrial Minerals, Earths and Rocks (pages –).